What are the Different Types of Leadership & Styles

describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority
describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority

This makes them more involved in their group’s operations than anyone else. In the 1960s, psychologist Stanley Milgram performed a range of obedience experiments. These experiments found that people were generally willing to go to great lengths to obey figures of authority. Milgram’s experiments also found that the presence of an authority figure improved compliance.

A leadership training program can play a crucial role at a juncture in your career when you feel you are at a critical point of growth in the organization. In addition to the leadership training programs mentioned above, you can explore other leadership courses on our website. Leadership is also an art of communicating these ideas effectively to others and encouraging them to take up responsibilities and grow personally besides leading the company towards growth.

  • Thus, for influence, we can look at a priest or an instructor, anyone that has an informal position but has the ability to direct or change the viewpoint or character of another.
  • A personality test like the Enneagram or DISK may give you a better understanding of yourself and your reactions to situations.
  • The whole team is a part of creating a vision and the ideal way to get there.
  • Great leaders can inspire political movements and social change.
  • In simpler words, they get everyone involved in the decision-making process.

This type of leadership is task-oriented, which means team members who meet the leader’s expectations will be rewarded, and others will be punished. It is a prevalent leadership style based on the action-and-reward concept. This leadership style empowers team members and holds them accountable for their work. This motivates many team members to put their best foot forward, improving the organisation’s efficiency and productivity. To make matters more complex, no two leaders will be exactly the same and may, in fact, have characteristics borrowed from other leadership styles to suit their needs.

Business leaders and managers use many different approaches and operate at a variety of levels. When leadership is skilfully demonstrated, it can bring positive outcomes for individuals, teams, organisations and wider communities. Pacesetters set the bar high and push their team members to run hard and fast to the finish line. The phrase most illustrative of a Pacesetter Leadership style is “Keep up! Leaders using this leadership style are often confident people, who map the way and set expectations, while engaging and energising followers along the way. The phrase most illustrative of an Authoritative Leadership style is, “Follow me”.

This mode of leadership produces good and quick results if the followers are highly educated and brilliant and have a sincere desire to go ahead and perform with responsibility. His idea is that each member of the group when left to himself will put forth his best effort and the maximum results can be achieved in this way. But as no direction or control is exercised over the people, the organisation is likely to flounder. Autocratic leadership is negative, based on threats and punishment. He neither cares for their opinions nor permits them to influence the decision.

The autocrat will issue directives to be followed and the activities performed as a result of these directives will be closely followed. Servant leadership places the value of the team ahead of the individual. As such, a servant leader is someone who can shed personal agendas and whose main goal is for their team to thrive. Bureaucratic leaders, because of the nature of this leadership style, are typically forged by the businesses that they work for. Delegative leadership allows competent employees to shine and be rewarded for their innovation. This can result in a positive atmosphere that’s incredibly fulfilling to employees and makes them feel valued.

Leadership styles refer to a leader’s behavior toward group members. Autocratic leadership is based upon close supervision, clear-cut direction and commanding order of the superior. It facilitates quick decisions, prompt action and unity of direction. But too much use of authority might result in strikes and industrial disputes. It is likely to produce frustration and retard the growth of the capacity of employees.

Types of Leadership Styles

Such leaders generally inspire team members to strive for the highest standard. Thus, referent power may be more cross-culturally variable than the other four bases of power laid out by French and Raven. Legitimate power rests in the belief among employees that their manager has the right to give orders based on his or her position.

Often called autocratic leadership, this leadership style puts the boss’s needs first. The leader wields complete authority over all aspects of a project or operation. The boss communicates from the top down and expects their followers to obey their directions and rules. You can observe the leader and their subordinates engaging in a battle of wits. Authoritarian CEOs trust only their own judgments and want the company to exemplify their ideas completely. The democratic leadership style s a great way to increase employee engagement and satisfaction.


When we think of power, which is the ability to do something the specific way you want it done by any means necessary, one individual that comes to mind is Napoleon Bonaparte. He ruled his kingdom with an iron fist and had no problems going to war to defend it or to help it describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority grow. His management was by power only, and if you argued with his perspective, you were not going to be around for very long. “If you show compassion and are transparent—even in difficult situations—people are more likely to give you their support,” explains Balian Allen.

describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority

Some projects and situations require strong leadership in order to get things accomplished effectively and on time. While this leadership style can be effective at times, for the most part is it is not favored by great leaders, and can be problematic. Many times this leadership style can make the leader come off as bossy, controlling, dictatorial, or even abusive. It causes people to feel bullied or resentful, which can hinder the way the team operates as a whole. This leadership style also will not work well if the rest of the group is as experienced or more knowledgeable than the leader. In this leadership style, subordinates are involved in making decisions.

The 8 Types of Leadership Styles Explained – With Examples

These members could negatively impact their groups if they do not achieve their targets. It’s important to note that rational-legal authority can be challenged by its subordinates. But this challenge is not likely to result in rapid structural changes. Rational-legal authority is also known as bureaucratic authority or legal authority. With this type of authority, an individual or ruling group exerts power based on legal office. Charismatic authority comes from the personal charisma, strength, and charm of an individual’s personality.

Results authority is based on the ability to achieve certain targets and objectives. It is created when people consistently achieve positive results using their unique skill sets. Authority gives a managerthe power to instruct and command others. They decide to act in order to achieve key goalsset out by their organization. Let’s explore this important aspect of leadership and how different types of authority come into play in everyday life. A good leader understands the different types of powerand when it’s appropriate to use them.

It is important to get to know what the different styles listed above are, their strengths and weaknesses, when they are most effective and what your own natural leadership style is. Coaching Leadership depends heavily on the leader’s ability to direct and support. Defined by the Oxford English Dictionary, leadership is “the action of leading a group of people or an organisation, or the ability to do this”. Leadership styles refer to the descriptions or classifications of the main behaviours that are displayed by managers and leaders.

The laissez-faire leader allows the group complete freedom for decision-making, without participating himself. This leader type provides materials and offers to assist only by request. The laissez-faire leader does not participate in work discussions or group tasks.

Group members feel engaged in the decision making process when they have a participative leader. Those leaders practicing the participative leadership style offer guidance to the group, as for their input in decision making but retain final say. Participative leaders make their group feel like they’re part of a team, which creates commitment within the group. Although this leadership style is ideal for companies or teams entrusted with set goals or targets, such as sales and income, the approach does not explicitly promote creativity.

You should also learn other types of leadership styles and situations where they can be effective, so you can lead appropriately and be there for your team. Your natural leadership style may be a result of your personality, your values and your strengths and experiences. But effective business leaders avoid a one-size-fits-all approach to leadership. They know they need to adapt to the needs of their teams in order to effectively lead. The democratic leadership style encourages creativity and engagement of team members, which often leads to high job satisfaction and high productivity. However, establishing a consensus among team members can be time-consuming and costly, especially in cases where decisions need to be made swiftly.

What are the different leadership styles?

They refrain from challenging the traditional rights of a powerful group or individual. For the leader at the top, these dimensions are usually pretty clear. A leader and someone in authority can have power as well, it just depends how they use it. When power is used too much or in ways that keep others down, then the power is being abused. So, as you can imagine, a leader or someone in authority can have power, and they can use it in a positive way or in a way that berates or punishes others. Once again, as it relates to power, they can have formal or informal power, but our focus here is how they use that power.

What is Leadership?

Therefore, incentives must be consistent with company goals and supported by additional gestures of appreciation. Leaders who adopt this style have trust and rely on their employees to do their jobs. They don’t micromanage or get too involved in providing feedback or guidance.

Tight-knit, highly collaborative teams are in the formation stage, like those at startups or new small businesses. However, it takes more than just authority to make an effective leader. Those with this kind of authority don’t necessarily need to be experts on any given subject.

This will give us a baseline to start from as we dive deeper into these four areas later in the lesson. Looking for more information on how to develop your leadership skills to advance your career and organization? Firstly, being clear about your goals and what you want to achieve is essential. Once you have a clear vision, it will be easier to communicate your ideas to your team and inspire them to follow your lead. Authoritative leadership is very hands-on, but leaders must be cautious not to micromanage. This is a tendency with this style, which can be overbearing for team members and create negative sentiments.


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