Accounting Equation Formula & Overview How to Calculate Revenue Video & Lesson Transcript

expanded accounting equation

It is also known as the Balance Sheet Equation & it forms the basis of the double-entry accounting system. We can begin this discussion by looking at the chart of accounts. Accountants and members of a company’s financial team are the primary users of the accounting equation. Understanding how to use the formula is a crucial skill for accountants because it is a quick way to check that transactions are recorded correctly. The accounting equation shows how a company’s assets, liabilities, and equity are related and how a change in one typically results in a change to another. In the accounting equation, assets are equal to liabilities plus equity.

  • This increases the cash account by $120,000, and increases the capital stock account.
  • Another component of shareholders’ equity is the business’s earnings.
  • A business can now use this equation to analyze transactions in more detail.
  • This reduces the cash account and reduces the retained earnings account.
  • Unearned revenue represents a customer’s advanced payment for a product or service that has yet to be provided by the company.
  • In the early stages of business, the net income equation may demonstrate a net loss.

Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. He is the sole author of all the materials on

The Formula for the Expanded Accounting Equation

A low profit margin may also indicate that your inventory is imbalanced or that your business is simply not handling expenses well. Whereas a high profit margin generally indicates a healthy company.


This relationship is expressed in the form of an equation. To understand the significance of the equation, first we must explore the meaning of the three words; assets, liabilities and capital. These terms are often used in accounting but can have very different meanings. Demonstrate how specific transactions impact the balance sheet without impacting the overall equality.Distinguish between the terms revenue and net income. If you sold your assets for exactly what you paid for them and paid off the debt, equity is what you have left over. We will increase an asset account called Prepaid Rent and decrease the asset cash.

What Are Expenses? Definition, Types, and Examples

In the coming sections, you will learn more about the different kinds of statements accountants generate for businesses. Liabilities are obligations of a company to pay money owed to a lender as a result of a previous transaction. The liability total can be found by adding all current liabilities with all long-term debts and other obligations. Common examples of liabilities include accounts payable, taxes owed, and bank loans. Common examples of assets include cash, accounts receivable, machinery, land, and prepaid expenses. The balance sheet is a formal presentation of the accounting equation. The three primary components of the balance sheet are assets, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity.

How does revenue affect the accounting equation?

According to the accounting equation asset's balance must be equals to the sum total of liabilities and stockholder's equity. Revenue generation would cause an increase in the stockholder's equity because this is considered as the amount generated by carrying out the business operations.

This the accounts receivable account by $55,000, and increases the revenue account. Thus, the asset and equity sides of the transaction are equal. This increases the fixed assets account and increases the accounts payable account. Thus, the asset and liability sides of the transaction are equal. Accounts payable include all goods and services billed to the company by suppliers that have not yet been paid. Accrued liabilities are for goods and services that have been provided to the company, but for which no supplier invoice has yet been received. After this a new balance sheet can be drawn up showing net assets of £27,045 and capital of £27,045.

Module 4: Financial Statements of Business Organizations

The business pays $400 cash for the current month’s office rent. Accounting equation explanation with examples, X ends up with large profits and issues a $10,000 dividend to its shareholders.

What happens when revenue increases?

Increasing revenue can result in higher costs and lower profit margins. Cutting costs can result in diminished sales and also lower profit margins if market share is lost over time. Focusing on branding and quality can help sustain higher prices on sales and ensure higher profit margins over the long term. principles work for individuals as well as businesses. Figure 1.1 Graphical Representation of the Accounting Equation. Both assets and liabilities are categorized as current and noncurrent. Also highlighted are the various activities that affect the equity of the business. Graphical Representation of the Accounting Equation© Rice University is licensed under aCC BY-NC-SA license. Changes in assets and liabilities caneitherincrease or decrease the value of the organization depending on the net result of the transaction.


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